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About Yorùbá People

Yoruba people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Yoruba People
Àwọn Ọmọ Yorùbá
Total population
c. 43 million
Regions with significant populations
 Nigeria 40 million (2016)[1]
 Benin 2.2 million (2016)[2]
 Ghana 460,000[3]
 Togo 300,000[4]
 Ivory Coast 100,000[3]
 Europe 200,000[5]
North America 200,000[6]
Related ethnic groups
Afemai, Arogbo & Apoi Ijaw, Bariba, Bini, Ebira,Esan, Ewe, Fon, Igala, Itsekiri, Nupe

Coordinates: 7.466°N 4.566°E

The Yoruba people (Yoruba: Àwọn ọmọ Yorùbá) are an ethnic group of Southwestern and North central Nigeria as well as Southern and Central Benin known as the Yorubaland cultural region of West Africa. The Yoruba constitute over 40 million people in total; the majority of this population is from Nigeria and make up 21% of its population, according to the CIA World Factbook,[1]making them one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. The majority of the Yoruba speak the Yoruba language, which is tonal, and is the Niger-Congo language with the largest number of native speakers.[7]

The Yoruba share borders with the Borgu in Benin; the Nupe and Ebira in central Nigeria; and the Edo, the Ẹsan, and the Afemai in mid-western Nigeria. The Igala and other related groups are found in the northeast, and the Egun, Fon, Ewe and others in the southeast Benin. The Itsekiri who live in the north-west Niger delta are related to the Yoruba but maintain a distinct cultural identity. Significant Yoruba populations in other West African countries can be found in Ghana,[8][9][10]Togo,[9]Ivory Coast,[11]Liberia andSierra Leone.[12]

The Yoruba diaspora consists of two main groupings, one of them includes relatively recent migrants, the majority of which moved to the United States and the United Kingdom after major economic changes in the 1970s; the other is a much older population dating back to the Atlantic slave trade. This older community has branches in such countries as Cuba, Saint Lucia, Brazil, Grenada,[13] and Trinidad and Tobago.


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