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Yorùbá Foods

Food Source Food Varieties Where  Found/Eaten More
Yam and variety-Yellow, Water-yam, Coco-yam, Potatoes Iyan, Amala, Ikọkọrẹ, Dundun, Asun-iṣu, Elubọ Ẹbẹ, Ọjọjọ (grated yam and then fry) (Ewuru), Kukudunku. Iyan- Ijeṣa, Ekiti, Ondo, Ọwọ, Ẹgba. Akoko Amala- Ibadan, Ọyọ, Ifẹ, Ẹgba. Ikọkọrẹ-Ijẹbu, Ọjọjọ, all Yoruba land.
Cassava/Gbaguda Garri (Cassava meal) Fufu, Gbaguda/Lafun, Cassava flour, Ẹba, Cassava bread (Bẹju) Gbaguda/Lafun-Ẹgba, Ijẹbu, Ọyọ, Oke-Ogun. Garri-Ijẹbu, Ondo, Akoko, Ọwọ,  Ẹba-Ijẹbu, Lagos, Akoko,  Ekiti, Akurẹ.
Corn/Maize Ẹkọ-Yangan, Ogi, Adalu (corn and beans cook together Agidi), Ipaka (corn flour) Ogi-all Yoruba land (as food and for the administration of medicines) Ẹkọ-Yangan- all Yoruba land, Agidi- major food among Yoruba people
Beans- Brown, white,ẹwẹ, (bean of maroon color), Ferege Mọin-mọin/Olele/Oole (a bean cake boiled with covered leaves), akara-elepo (fried bean cake), ẹwa (boiled beans with or without condiments), Ekuru ( White:fun-fun and Brown: aro), Kuduru. Mọin-mọin: all Yorubas, Akara-Elepo/Ororo-all Yoruba land (for social and religious purposes) Ẹwa-all Yoruba groups ( its  has both social/cultural values, especially for twins; also, it has religious function). Ekuru-Ọyọ, Ibadan, Ifẹ and other Yoruba sub-groups, because of its social significance.
Rice Cook alone, or with beans, though a local food.  Made popular by Church and middle class workers. Became meal served during festive seasons in cities and villages in the times past. But now a major staple food in Nigeria since the mass food importation (Uncle Bens) of mid-seventies. Rice/beans-all Yoruba land
Vegetables Ẹfọ, Tẹtẹ, Ebolo, Ewuro, Ewedu, Iṣapa, Rorowo, Efinrin Ẹfọ (varieties) all Yoruba land: Ewedu-Ibadan, Ọyọ and other Yoruba groups. Gbure-Ondo, Akoko, Akurẹ, Ọwọ, Ifẹ, Ọyọ.
Gbẹgiri Gbẹgiri stew Ibadan, Ọyọ, Ilọrin-Afonja, Yorubas in Kwara (Igbomina and Ekiti), Oke-Ogun
Wheat-Ẹka Baba, Ọpa-Ẹtun Local wine Ọti-Ṣẹkẹtẹ All Yoruba land
Millet Local Wine-Burukutu. Some Yorubas
Ogurọ/ Palm Wine sourced from a variety of Yoruba palm trees Palm-Wine- A highly priced Yoruba local wine, which has religious, social, cultural and economic values. All Yoruba land for its multiple use.
Omi/Water Rain, Stream, River/ Lake, Bore-Hole (introduced by Colonial Government supported by the Church to prevent water borne diseases). Water is useful to all, for its cultural, spiritual, social values, water is regarded as life itself.
Fruits with dietary/medical values-  Lime (Ọsan-Wẹwẹ) Lime tree, a variety of Orange plants A fruit with medical and general use among the Yorubas, major ingredient to make antidote (Aporo) for certain insect, snake, reptile bites.  Major ingredient with some herbs for coated tongue (Efu), disorder stomach, thrust.
Palm Tree nuts (Ẹyìn, Ekurọ) Palm-Kernel, Nuts (Ekurọ, Ẹyìn) Adin-ẹyan (Palm-kernel oil) major ingredient for several local medicines, especially antidote (Ẹrọ) for life threatening illness. Major ingredient for pediatric medicines; use to make local bath soap.
Cashew Nuts Kaṣu Cashew nuts,  (Eso-Kaṣu) Roasted cashew nut is rich in oil. Roots, leaves and bark of the tree-major materials for local medicines.
Coco-Nut Tree Coco-Nut fruit , produces oil (Adin-Agbọn) Major material to produce body cream,  and lotion. use in cooking/very tasty.
Ground-Nut seed Ground-Nut oil (Ororo) For cooking, to make body cream;also a medical item.
Palm-Tree, one of the most valued economic trees in Yoruba land.  Nothing waste from this tree (from its fronds, stem to the roots has one use or another). After Cocoa tree, it is called second money-making plant. Palm-Oil, Kernel, Kernel oil, Oguṣọ (local lamp) Iha (rinds of the palm-nut) a local fire-booster, foot-mat;  twig (igbago) to make enclosure or yard, where herbs, fruits, flowers, or vegetables are cultivated. Fronds use to make hut (Agọ); generally use in shrines, associated religious item. All Yoruba land, it has a multiple use- as food, medicinal item, body cream, and source of revenue; it has both social and religious values.
Pine-Apple (Ọpẹ-Oyinbo) Fruits- desserts All Yoruba land, appetizer/dessert.
Mango/ Mangoro Mango-Mango Seed for (Apọn). All Yoruba land, eat as appetizer, dessert.
Sugar-Cane Ireke- (both tin and large). All Yoruba people for relaxation, it has economic, and social values.
Wall-Nut Awusa All Yoruba land-for relaxation.
Apọn- a fruit of wild Mango Apọn to make stew. All Yoruba land for stew.
Oro- a popular Yoruba tree, it has edible fruit; seeds processed to make Apọn. Oro fruits/Seeds. Appetizer/dessert. Processed seeds to make Apọn; a major ingredient for Ọgbọna soup.

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